seaborn.
swarmplot
(*, x=None, y=None, hue=None, data=None, order=None, hue_order=None, dodge=False, orient=None, color=None, palette=None, size=5, edgecolor='gray', linewidth=0, ax=None, **kwargs)¶Draw a categorical scatterplot with non-overlapping points.
This function is similar to stripplot()
, but the points are adjusted
(only along the categorical axis) so that they don’t overlap. This gives a
better representation of the distribution of values, but it does not scale
well to large numbers of observations. This style of plot is sometimes
called a “beeswarm”.
A swarm plot can be drawn on its own, but it is also a good complement to a box or violin plot in cases where you want to show all observations along with some representation of the underlying distribution.
Arranging the points properly requires an accurate transformation between data and point coordinates. This means that non-default axis limits must be set before drawing the plot.
Input data can be passed in a variety of formats, including:
Vectors of data represented as lists, numpy arrays, or pandas Series
objects passed directly to the x
, y
, and/or hue
parameters.
A “long-form” DataFrame, in which case the x
, y
, and hue
variables will determine how the data are plotted.
A “wide-form” DataFrame, such that each numeric column will be plotted.
An array or list of vectors.
In most cases, it is possible to use numpy or Python objects, but pandas objects are preferable because the associated names will be used to annotate the axes. Additionally, you can use Categorical types for the grouping variables to control the order of plot elements.
This function always treats one of the variables as categorical and draws data at ordinal positions (0, 1, … n) on the relevant axis, even when the data has a numeric or date type.
See the tutorial for more information.
data
or vector data, optionalInputs for plotting long-form data. See examples for interpretation.
Dataset for plotting. If x
and y
are absent, this is
interpreted as wide-form. Otherwise it is expected to be long-form.
Order to plot the categorical levels in, otherwise the levels are inferred from the data objects.
When using hue
nesting, setting this to True
will separate
the strips for different hue levels along the categorical axis.
Otherwise, the points for each level will be plotted in one swarm.
Orientation of the plot (vertical or horizontal). This is usually
inferred based on the type of the input variables, but it can be used
to resolve ambiguitiy when both x
and y
are numeric or when
plotting wide-form data.
Color for all of the elements, or seed for a gradient palette.
Colors to use for the different levels of the hue
variable. Should
be something that can be interpreted by color_palette()
, or a
dictionary mapping hue levels to matplotlib colors.
Radius of the markers, in points.
Color of the lines around each point. If you pass "gray"
, the
brightness is determined by the color palette used for the body
of the points.
Width of the gray lines that frame the plot elements.
Axes object to draw the plot onto, otherwise uses the current Axes.
Other keyword arguments are passed through to
matplotlib.axes.Axes.scatter()
.
Returns the Axes object with the plot drawn onto it.
See also
boxplot
A traditional box-and-whisker plot with a similar API.
violinplot
A combination of boxplot and kernel density estimation.
stripplot
A scatterplot where one variable is categorical. Can be used in conjunction with other plots to show each observation.
catplot
Combine a categorical plot with a FacetGrid
.
Examples
Draw a single horizontal swarm plot:
>>> import seaborn as sns
>>> sns.set_theme(style="whitegrid")
>>> tips = sns.load_dataset("tips")
>>> ax = sns.swarmplot(x=tips["total_bill"])
Group the swarms by a categorical variable:
>>> ax = sns.swarmplot(x="day", y="total_bill", data=tips)
Draw horizontal swarms:
>>> ax = sns.swarmplot(x="total_bill", y="day", data=tips)
Color the points using a second categorical variable:
>>> ax = sns.swarmplot(x="day", y="total_bill", hue="sex", data=tips)
Split each level of the hue
variable along the categorical axis:
>>> ax = sns.swarmplot(x="day", y="total_bill", hue="smoker",
... data=tips, palette="Set2", dodge=True)
Control swarm order by passing an explicit order:
>>> ax = sns.swarmplot(x="time", y="total_bill", data=tips,
... order=["Dinner", "Lunch"])
Plot using larger points:
>>> ax = sns.swarmplot(x="time", y="total_bill", data=tips, size=6)
Draw swarms of observations on top of a box plot:
>>> ax = sns.boxplot(x="total_bill", y="day", data=tips, whis=np.inf)
>>> ax = sns.swarmplot(x="total_bill", y="day", data=tips, color=".2")
Draw swarms of observations on top of a violin plot:
>>> ax = sns.violinplot(x="day", y="total_bill", data=tips, inner=None)
>>> ax = sns.swarmplot(x="day", y="total_bill", data=tips,
... color="white", edgecolor="gray")
Use catplot()
to combine a swarmplot()
and a
FacetGrid
. This allows grouping within additional categorical
variables. Using catplot()
is safer than using FacetGrid
directly, as it ensures synchronization of variable order across facets:
>>> g = sns.catplot(x="sex", y="total_bill",
... hue="smoker", col="time",
... data=tips, kind="swarm",
... height=4, aspect=.7);